Field bindweed is a creeping perennial from Europe. A member of the
Morningglory family, it reproduces not only by seed but by its horizontal
roots as well. The root system and rhizomes are extensive, white in
color, and fleshy.
Field bindweed stems are prostrate (grows low to the ground) and
twining, smooth, and can grow up to 6 feet long. Leaves are 1 to 2
inches long and are distinguishable by their arrow-head shape.
Flowers are rounded and white to pale pink in color. The flowers
are about ¾ to 1 inch broad. Seeds are pearl-shaped, dull,
and brown in color. One plant can produce anywhere between 30 and
200 seeds, the number produced is variable on environmental conditions.
Seed viability can be retained over a period of at least 30 to 40
years in the soil. Field bindweed is well adapted to Adams County
and is widespread. It is extensively found in pastures, lawns, gardens,
cultivated fields, waste areas, roadsides, and rangelands. Field bindweed
thrives on disturbance, especially cultivation and/or overgrazing.
Field bindweed is designated as a “List C” species on the Colorado Noxious Weed Act. It is required to be either eradicated, contained, or suppressed depending on the local jursidictions managing this species.