Scotch, or Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) (106539 bytes) Scotch, or Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestrisis native to Europe, from Norway to Spain, and parts of Asia. A medium sized evergreen, it grows 30-50 feet in height and  25-40 feet in width. Growth is fairly dense as a young tree, becoming more open and spreading with age.  One of the most popular of Christmas trees, it accounts for 30% of trees grown for that purpose. Scotch pine prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is very tolerant of dry and infertile soils, wind resistant, and is hardy to zone 2.
   
pine,scotch foliage (7601 bytes) Foliage is evergreen, with needles that are 1.5 to 4 inches long, stiff and have a 360 degree twist to them. They are green to blue-green and sharp to touch with two needles per fascicle.
pine,scotch,male pollen-cones (25811 bytes) pine,scotch female flower (4448 bytes) Flowers are monoecious (both male and female on the same tree).  Male flower cones are orange, cylindrical, and appear in large clusters along the terminal aspect of twigs. Female flower cones are large, oval, and yellow-green to purple in color.
pine,scotch cone (4240 bytes) Cones are one to three inches long and dull-brown in color. They are held alone or in clusters of 2 or 3 and fall from the tree when mature in autumn.
pine,scotch bark (4206 bytes) Bark is orange-brown and peeling. It is enjoyed by porcupines, which can extensively damage the tree.

Photos: Judy Sedbrook

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Date last revised: 01/05/2010