Pinyon Pine (Pinus cembroides var. edulis)

Pinyon Pine (Pinus cembroides var. edulis) (13888 bytes)    Pinyon Pine (Pinus cembroides var. edulis) is native to North America. It is a bushy, resinous tree with a short trunk and compact, rounded, spreading crown.The Pinyon pine grows 20 to 30 feet in height and prefers full sun. Hardy to zone 3, it is very drought resistant, and needs almost no water once established.
pinon pine foliage (6856 bytes) Needles are evergreen, stiff, and 1-1 inches long. They occur in bundles of 3.
pinon male flowers  (6503 bytes) pinion female flowers (5460 bytes) Flowers are monoecious; male flowers are red, cylindrical, in clusters near ends of branches; females are purplish at branch tips.
resinous pinon pine cones (5237 bytes) pinon cone  (6940 bytes) Cones are small, 1-2 inch, very resinous, and brown in color. They mature and drop in the fall.
pinion pine nuts  (4798 bytes) Seeds are edible, popular with both wildlife and man, and can be eaten raw or toasted.
pinion pine bark (3942 bytes) Bark is dark grey and furrowed into scaly plates.

Photos: Judy Sedbrook

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Date last revised: 01/05/2010