Cottonwood Tree (Populus freemontii)

Cottonwood Trees (Populus freemontii) (14475 bytes)    The cottonwood tree (Populus fremontii) grows 40 to 80 feet in height. It has a broad open crown of widely spreading branches. Cottonwoods grow only in wet soil and are found along lakes, riverbanks and irrigation ditches throughout the southwest.
cottonwood bark (5730 bytes) Bark is gray, thick, rough and deeply furrowed.
cottonwood struck by lightening (16521 bytes) Many tall cottonwoods show signs of having been struck by lightening.
cottonwood foliage (5686 bytes) cottonwood foliage in fall (5396 bytes) Leaves are triangular, 3-5" long and wide and shiny green. They turn bright yellow-gold in fall.
egg-shaped fruit (8983 bytes) Fruit consists of egg-shaped capsules, 1/2" long, that mature in spring and split into three parts.
cottony seed masses (2986 bytes) The seeds are contained in cottony masses, easily airborne.
eriophyid mite gall (8536 bytes) Eriophyid mite galls are often seen on this tree.

Photos: Judy Sedbrook

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Date last revised: 01/05/2010