Juneberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia)

Juneberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) (27049 bytes)  

Juneberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a large, multi-stemmed shrub that can also be trained into a small tree. Native to the Northern Great Plains, it is extremely adaptable and will grow under a wide range of climatic conditions. Juneberries will grow to a height of 18 to 20 feet. They are very cold-hardy and will tolerate temperatures down to at least -20c. The plants tolerate a wide pH range and will also grow well in heavy clay soils. Water needs are minimal. Although fruit production is best when grown in full sun, partial shade is also tolerated. Prune regularly. Flowers and fruit develop on previous years' growth and pruning results in vigorous new growth for the next years' bloom and fruit. Susceptible to cedar-apple rust, but has no serious disease or insect problems.

juneberry foliage (6386 bytes) juneberry fall foliage (2629 bytes) juneberry fall folialge and fruit (8911 bytes) Foliage consists of medium to dark green leaves that turn to shades of yellow, orange, and red in the fall.
   
juneberry blossoms (5804 bytes) Blossoms appear in early spring before leafbreak. Borne in fragrant, white clusters, they turn the whole shrub white.
juneberries (13830 bytes) Fruit is a berry-like pome that is edible and appeals to both man and wildlife, especially birds. Sweet and juicy, it can be eaten fresh, canned, frozen, made into jams and pies, or dried and eaten like raisins. The fruit matures all at once over 3 to 4 weeks to a purple, red or almost black color. These berries were combined with buffalo meat and fat to form Pemmican, a winter staple of the Plains Indians.
juneberry bark (4381 bytes) Bark is an attractive, smooth gray. The wood was used by  Native Americans to make arrow shafts, spears, and digging sticks. The branches were used to make a tea to treat colds.

Photos: Judy Sedbrook

 

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Date last revised: 01/05/2010